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Our Maritime cousins get it right on conservation

By: | September 2, 2014

Meanwhile, our own public discussion remains either muted or desperate

Douglas Ballam
The Green Space examines issues affecting the natural world we live in, with an in-depth focus on Newfoundland and Labrador.

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In February 2010 the Department of Environment and Conservation, under Minister Charlene Johnson, announced "a waterway provincial park in the Eagle River watershed will encompass some 3,000 square kilometres of wilderness and include almost the entire length of the Eagle River from the headwaters to the sea." The PC government has yet to follow up on its promise to establish the park and protect one of Labrador's most cherished and visited rivers. Photo: Newfoundland and Labrador Department of Tourism, Culture and Recreation.

Political observers and those interested in the “fracking” debate alike were surprised recently when Natural Resources Minister Derrick Dalley announced that an independent panel would be established to investigate the controversial oil extraction method. The announcement came in the midst of a by-election in St. George’s-Stephenville East, the district where most of the proposed hydraulic fracturing would occur. The Minister admitted that the decision to establish an independent panel was largely political (e.g. an attempt to get more support for the local PC candidate). The ploy failed, however, and the Liberal candidate won handily.

PCs slow to recognize fracking concerns

What’s unfortunate about this decision is that it took a troubled party that was losing yet another by-election (its fourth) to adopt what local residents and fracking opponents have been requesting for a long time. The current administration has always been slow to respond to local concerns on this matter. Initially, they expressed support for the proposal. On March 13, 2013, then-Minister Tom Marshall stated in the House of Assembly: “We support this development. We have legislation.” In June of that year, the PCs lost another by-election and they were on their way to losing yet another when, in early November, they announced a moratorium on fracking proposals until an internal government review was conducted. In the most recent by-election, government reported that the internal review was “inconclusive”. I would like to see that report but there is nothing publicly available on the provincial government website.

Now, I am not naive enough to think that this sort of opportunistic politics is solely restricted to Newfoundland. But, what is distinct to our province is the “develop or perish” 1950s-era attitude displayed by the governing party. Their glacial slowness in recognizing the legitimate concerns of local residents and, worse yet, their systematic dismantling of the Wilderness and Ecological Reserves program reveal an ideology better suited to another, less enlightened age. (The reserves program is our best tool to conserve our natural areas.) It is not the same everywhere – our cousins in the Maritime provinces actually take conservation seriously and are not afraid to discuss the issues head on. Here are a few examples.

Nova Scotia deals with fracking debate head on

The Government of Nova Scotia convened an expert panel to investigate fracking in their province (outside of an election). Lead by the President of Cape Breton University, the panel held open consultations, collected submissions and consulted with experts on both sides of the issue. In August of this year, it released its final report, which called for more study and, more importantly, a recommendation to “design and recognize the test of a community permission…” In other words, they recognized that buy-in from local residents was absolutely essential for a fracking project to proceed – something I wholeheartedly agree with and something fracking proponents in Newfoundland have yet to achieve.

Nova Scotia moves forward on protected areas

This painting ("Verdant Valley, Northeast Margaree River") by artist Alice Reed was inspired by the Government of Nova Scotia's multi-year planning and consultation process to designate 31 new wilderness areas in the mid-1990s. Nova Scotia now has 40 protected wilderness areas, as mandated under the province's Wilderness Areas Protection Act. Additionally, the province's Environmental Goals and Sustainable Prosperity Act commits Nova Scotia to legally protect 12% of its total land mass by the year 2015. Photo of Alice Reed's painting from Nova Scotia Nature Trust website.

This painting of Verdant Valley, Northeast Margaree River by artist Alice Reed was inspired by the Government of Nova Scotia’s multi-year planning and consultation process to designate 31 new wilderness areas in the mid-1990s. Nova Scotia now has 40 protected wilderness areas, as mandated under the province’s Wilderness Areas Protection Act. Additionally, its Environmental Goals and Sustainable Prosperity Act commits Nova Scotia to legally protect 12 per cent of its total land mass by the year 2015. Photo of Alice Reed’s painting from Nova Scotia Nature Trust website.

With respect to conservation of natural areas, in August 2013 the Government of Nova Scotia released yet another plan to protect large swaths of the province. The plan calls for the protection of 250,000 hectares of land in new provincial parks. This would raise the total amount of protected land in that province to about 13 per cent. That’s more than three times the percentage of land currently protected in our province.

Despite the PC’s committing to releasing a similar plan in Newfoundland and Labrador in the last two provincial elections, they have yet to do so. In fact, over the past 10 years they have only fully established one small protected area – an underachievement unparalleled in the western world.

New Brunswick political parties take conservation seriously

Our cousins in New Brunswick are currently going through a provincial election. What surprises me is that conservation issues are front and center. To me, there is a distinct difference between desperately trying to squeeze a few more votes in a by-election to actually making conservation a platform issue. Take, for example, the New Brunswick Liberal party. Just a few days ago they released one of their central platforms to “better protect environmental health.” Besides centralizing conservation officers to improve environmental protection, they will ensure that “100 per cent of the Environmental Trust Fund goes to grassroots environmental projects.” If you’re scratching your head and wondering what an Environmental Trust Fund is, you’re not alone. As I’ve said before, our province is the only provincial jurisdiction in Canada that does not have a fund to support the work of grassroots environmental work. Indeed, given their track record I think the ruling PCs would be mortified at the thought of providing funds to “the enemy” (as it appears they perceive conservation groups).

So, while the Maritime provinces have been having an open and mature debate about conservation issues, and making real progress, what have we achieved here?

Worse than nothing.

Our government, on the other hand, attacks conservation

Instead of moving forward, we’ve moved back. I believe these are the darkest days for conservation in Newfoundland and Labrador in generations. Here’s a partial list of damage done by the current PC administration, all of which I’ve written about in this column:

• Conservation officers laid off
• Key biologists laid off
• Reserve managers at Cape St. Mary’s and Witless Bay Ecological Reserves laid off
• Destruction of the Provincial Park interpretation program (e.g. guided hike and campfire staff laid off)
• Refusal to establish the Little Grand Lake Ecological Reserve (14 years in the waiting)
• Refusal to move forward on the promised Eagle River Waterway Park in Labrador
• Refusal to draft and release a provincial protected areas strategy, the only province in Canada without one
• Except for a parking lot sized reserve, no new protected areas in 10 years
• The absence of any provincial funding for conservation groups, the only province in Canada without such a fund
• The astonishing decision to send Parks Canada packing when they wanted to pay for and complete a feasibility study on a marine park
• Until recently, the dissolution of the Wilderness and Ecological Reserves Advisory Council, which was made inactive for years because of a lack of reappointments

If that list doesn’t illustrate their anti-conservation ideology, I don’t know what does. Here’s a prediction: with a provincial election within a year, the PCs will make a token effort to address one or two of the issues I list above so they can say they’re concerned about conservation. Don’t be fooled. Instead, I suggest you look west to the Maritimes to see how conservation should be discussed in an election and judge the parties accordingly.


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