On August 14, 1941 a historic meeting between British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt took place off the coast of Newfoundland. The “Atlantic Conference” resulted in the “Atlantic Charter”, a joint proclamation by Britain and the United States declaring that they were fighting the axis powers to “ensure life, liberty, independence and religious freedom and to preserve the rights of man and justice.” This was significant as the United States did not officially join the war until after the bombing of Pearl Harbour in December of that year. The Atlantic Charter served as a foundation stone for the later establishment of the United Nations, setting forth several principles for the nations of the world, including — the renunciation of all aggression, right to self-government, access to raw materials, freedom from want and fear, freedom of the seas, and disarmament of aggressor nations.
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